The violin is apparently the most known and prevalent musical instrument in the world that evolved during the Renaissance period. It was early admitted for its singing voice, especially in Italy, its birthplace, where the earliest makers Gasparo da Salò, Andrea Amati and Giovanni Paolo Maggini had settled proportions in the 16th century.
Violins are faithful instruments in a wide range of genres - they are most eminent in the Western classical and in many varieties of traditional, country, jazz and rock music. The violins was adopted into the music of the Middle East, India and, as the fiddle, is played in the folk music of many countries.
Most major composers wrote solo music for the violin, among them Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann, Schoenberg and Grieg. Such virtuosos as Francesco Geminiani, Niccolò Paganini, Joseph Joachim, Fritz Kreisler, David Oistrakh and Isaac Stern stimulated the composition of violin music.