André Messager was a French composer, organist, pianist, and conductor of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He studied composition under renowned composers such as Camille Saint-Saëns and Gabriel Fauré. Messager became a prominent figure in Parisian and London musical circles as a conductor and composer. His compositions include ballets and operettas, with Les Deux Pigeons and Véronique being some of his most notable works. Messager conducted world premieres of famous operas such as Pelléas et Mélisande and gave British premieres of operas by Saint-Saëns and Massenet. Messager's music is known for its elegance and grace, with historians regard him as the last major figure in French opéra comique and opérette.