The venu (Carnatic flute) is a bamboo aerophone with a rich history. It is used in the South Indian Carnatic music tradition and is associated with the Hindu god Krishna. The flute is mentioned in the Natya Shastra, a classic text on music and performance arts. It is also known by various names in different Indian languages. The venu has a unique construction and technique, with six holes and the ability to produce two and a half octaves. It is widely used in Indian music genres and has distinct differences from the bansuri, another type of Indian bamboo flute. The venu offers musicians a wide range of musical possibilities, including the use of gamakas, which are essential in raga-based music.