Edward FitzGerald—an English poet and writer—is known for his acclaimed translation of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, which garnered popularity since the 1860s. He produced other literary works such as Six Dramas of Calderon, and ventured into Oriental studies, translating Persian and Spanish poetry. Despite his notable translations, he wasn't prolific and preferred a quiet existence. His influence grew gradually, posthumously receiving recognition. FitzGerald's translation of The Rubaiyat remains enduring, with its stanzas and phrases frequently referenced in literature and culture.