The bassoon, also known as the fagotto, is a woodwind instrument with a double reed, made of two pieces of cane tied together. It belongs to the woodwind family and was invented in Europe in the 17th century. The bassoon is made of a conical tube about 2.6 meters long, folded on itself in a "U" shape, and made up of three different segments and a bell. The bassoon has been used in various music genres such as baroque, classical, romantic, and contemporary music. Its evolution is owed mainly to the German manufacturer Heckel, which enriched it with keys and holes not present until the mid-19th century.