The Eastman Wind Ensemble—established in 1952 by conductor Frederick Fennell at the Eastman School of Music—is a pivotal force in redefining wind band performance. Renowned in the U.S., this ensemble focuses on original wind compositions contrasting orchestral transcriptions. Fennell pioneered a distinct approach with a single player per part and specific instrumentation. Noteworthy for premiering over 150 works, the ensemble has been led by Donald Hunsberger, achieving international recognition. Their innovative recordings include Living Presence albums, showcasing classical composers with balanced instrumentation. Their progressive recording techniques continued under Mark Scatterday, with landmark performances in Carnegie Hall and Asia, contributing to the wind ensemble movement.