Sir Edward William Elgar was an English composer associated with the late Romantic period. His notable compositions include the Enigma Variations, Pomp and Circumstance Marches, violin and cello concertos, and two symphonies. His diverse output encompasses choral works, chamber music, and songs. While Elgar's later symphony and cello concerto met delayed acclaim, his music continues to resonate predominantly with British audiences experiencing a revival in the 1960s. He pioneered gramophone recordings, utilizing evolving technology for accurate sound reproduction.