Chiquinha Gonzaga—a Brazilian composer, pianist, and conductor—was a trailblazing figure in the music industry. Active from the late 19th to early 20th century, she was known for her contributions to various genres such as choro, polka, samba, Brazilian tango, marcha, and valsa. Gonzaga's notable pieces include Atraente, Ó Abre Alas, Forrobodó, and Jurití. As the first woman conductor in Brazil, she shattered gender barriers and paved the way for future female musicians. Gonzaga's achievements include founding the Brazilian Society of Theater Authors to protect artists' works and composing music for 77 theater plays and approximately 2,000 compositions in various genres.