Erik Satie (1866–1925) was a French composer and pianist known for his unique and innovative musical style. Born in Honfleur, France, Satie studied at the Paris Conservatoire but didn't excel academically. He worked as a pianist in Montmartre's café-cabarets during the 1880s and composed mainly for solo piano, creating pieces like the Gymnopédies and Gnossiennes. In his mature years, he influenced young composers, including the group Les Six. Satie's music veered away from post-Wagnerian impressionism, emphasizing simplicity and originality. Notable works include Parade (1917), which featured music by Satie, sets by Picasso, and choreography by Massine. His harmonic style featured unresolved chords and simple melodies, reflecting his love for old church music. Satie's impact extended to minimalist composers like John Cage and John Adams.