The violin is admittedly the most known and prevalent musical instrument in the world that evolved during the Renaissance period. From the very beginning, it was valued for its singing voice, especially in Italy—the actual birthplace of violin—where, in the 16th century, the earliest makers Gasparo da Salò, Andrea Amati, and Giovanni Paolo Maggini had established the agreed violin body proportions.
Violins dominate a wide range of genres: they are most prevalent in the Western classical music and in many varieties of traditional, country, jazz and rock music. The violin was later adopted into the music of Asia and the Middle East, while in its fiddle form, the violin is the necessary lead component in the folk music of many countries.
Most major composers wrote solo music for the violin, among them Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann, Schoenberg and Grieg. Such virtuosos as Francesco Geminiani, Niccolò Paganini, Joseph Joachim, Fritz Kreisler, David Oistrakh and Isaac Stern continuously stimulated the composition of violin music.