Charlie Parker—an influential American jazz saxophonist and composer—was active from the 1930s to the 1950s. Parker played a crucial role in the development of bebop, breaking away from swing and pioneering a style based on improvisation and chord modifications. He composed several jazz standards such as Ornithology, Anthropology, and Scrapple from the Apple. Parker's notable achievements include receiving multiple Grammy Awards and being considered one of the most important musicians in jazz history alongside Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, John Coltrane, and Miles Davis. Despite his musical genius, Parker struggled with drug addiction which ultimately affected his health and career.