The music of the Renaissance era (1400-1600) originated in Europe, catching up fast to the other artistic branches of the movement.
Common sacred genres were the mass, the motet, the madrigale spirituale, and the laude. Secular vocal genres included the madrigal, the frottola, the caccia, the chanson, the canzonetta, the villancico, the villanella, the villotta, and the lute song.
A Musical Company in a Renaissance Hall by Dirck van Delen:
Purely instrumental music included consort and dance music for the recorder or viol and often other instruments. Towards the end of the period, the early dramatic precursors of opera such as monody, the madrigal comedy, and the intermedio were observed.
Familiar modern instruments (violin, guitar, lute, and keyboards) developed into new forms during the Renaissance. Modern woodwind and brass instruments like the bassoon and trombone also appeared.
The Concert by Gerard van Honthorst:
Notable Renaissance composers: Josquin des Prez, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Thomas Morley, Anthony Holborne, Giovanni Gabrieli, Heinrich Isaac, Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck, John Dowland, Girolamo Diruta, Thomas Tomkins, William Byrd.