Cello—also known as violoncello—is a string instrument of the violin family. It originated around 1660 from the bass violin and has since become a versatile instrument with a large solo repertoire. The cello is tuned in perfect fifths and has a range from bass to soprano. It plays an important role in classical music, being part of orchestras and string quartets. Interestingly, the name "cello" is derived from the Italian "violoncello," which means "little violone." The instrument has a rich history and has been used in various music genres, including classical, baroque, and even modern genres like pop, rock, and hip-hop.